"There was no leader, government or administrative building; men and women were equal,”
“Thanks to modern scientific techniques, we have seen that women and men were eating very similar foods, lived similar lives and worked in similar works. The same social stature was given to both men and women. We have learned that men and women were equally approached,” Hodder said. “People lived with the principle of equality in Çatalhöyük, especially considering the hierarchy that appeared in other settlements in the Middle East. This makes Çatalhöyük different.There was no leader, government or administrative building; men and women were equal,”
Çatalhöyük, a Neolithic settlement included in the 2012 UNESCO World Heritage list, has attracted thousands of academics from 22 countries to its archaeological works, set to be finished in 2018. The latest headline discoveries at the site indicate that Çatalhöyük was a place of relative gender equality, according to Stanford University Professor Ian Hodder, who is directing the excavations.
I am pleased to see that modern scientific research has borne out Maria Gimbutas thesis that this region during the neolithic was a matriarchal communism with Goddess and god worship. Families were made up of free relations not arranged marriages or Paterfamilias marriages of cousins. it wasn't even Materfamilias. It was the free association of individuals, to the point that these polyamorous communist families revered their previous families who lived in the same house, by living with them buried under their homes.
The team has also made important discoveries about social structure through burials at the site. “We have also seen that people who were buried under houses were not biologically relatives or members of the same family. They lived as a family but their natural parents are not the same. Those who were born in Çatalhöyük did not live with their biological parents but with others,” Hodder said. Researchers have also been studying the connections between wall paintings, sculptures and tombs, which allow researchers to develop a better understanding of daily life in the settlement. “We think that artworks were made to get in touch with the dead or to protect them,” Hodder said, stressing that Çatalhöyük’s artwork, like the many wall paintings discovered in houses, was very rich in terms of symbolism. “Another reason why Çatalhöyük is very important is that all wall paintings and objects were protected very well. When you visit Çatalhöyük and go to these houses, you can see both people and belongings of these people. It gives you the impression that your ancestors are still living with you,” he added.
Engels also made this point in the Origin of the Family about communism being the free association of women and men with women being able to choose their companions. Such blended families as discovered would seem to bear that out.
The anarchist ideal of free love as expressed by Emma Goldman and others also
bears a remarkable similarity to the lives spent in Catalhoyk.
The OPUS of Marija Gimbutas
Anatomy of a Backlash: Concerning the Work of Marija Gimbutas